sandstone rock swell factor

  • Some Useful NumbersJackson School of Geosciences

    Some Useful Numbers on the Engineering Properties of Materials (Geologic and Otherwise) GEOL 615 Coefficient of sliding friction ( ) For most rocks varies between 0.8 and 0.5. A value of 0.60 would be a good number for general use. Glass on glass 0.4 Rubber on concrete 0.75 Steel on steel 0.55 Angle of internal friction ( Rock 30

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  • Sandstone FactsSoftschools

    Sandstone is a type of rock that forms when grains of sand are compacted together over significant periods of time. Normally this sand is rich is quartz but can also contain other minerals and materials such as calcium carbonate and silica. Sandstone comes in

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  • OR/15/065 Appendix 4Bulking of soils rocks

    Sedimentary rock Breccia 2.4 33 Church (1981) Conglomerate 2.21 33 Church (1981) Sandstone 2.31 to 2.45 39 to 50 Hartman (1992) Sandstone 2.42 61 Church (1981) Sandstone 2.1 to 2.4 75 to 80 Engineering tool box Sandstone 2.5 60 Durham University Sandstone 2.65 61 Durham University Shale 2.64 50 Church (1981) Shale 2.35 50 Durham University

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  • STRENGTH PROPERTIES OF ROCKS AND ROCK MASSES 1

    STRENGTH PROPERTIES OF ROCKS AND ROCK MASSES 1. INTRODUCTION 2. TESTING OF INTACT ROCK FOR STRENGTH 2.1 Uniaxial Compression 2.2 Point Load Testing 2.3 Uniaxial Tension 2.4 Indirect Tension Tests 2.5 Shear Tests 2.6 Confined Compression Tests (Triaxial Tests) 2.7 Biaxial and Multiaxial Tests 2.8 Other Tests 3. PARAMETERS AFFECTING ROCK STRENGTH 4.

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  • Porosity and Bulk Density of Sedimentary Rocks

    POROSITY AND BULK DENSITY OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS By G. EDWARD MANGER ABSTRACT More than 900 items of porosity and bulk density data for sedimentary rocks have been tabulated. Most of the data are from the more accessible American British German and Swiss literature. The number of porosity determinations per item ranges from 1 to 2 109.

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  • Swell Factors for Various SoilsProjectEngineer

    Sep 26 2013 · Swell is expressed as a percentage of natural volume for example if 10 yd 3 in the ground becomes 13 yd 3 after excavation the swell factor is 30 . The following table lists swell factors for various engineering materials.

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  • Volume of uncompacted soil materialEarthwork/grading

    Oct 30 2012 · Hi i would like help to solve this issue. I have 78000 m 3 compacted soil (gravel and sand)from river deposit (embankent construction). Max Density 2 2 t/m 3 a

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  • Soil and RockBulk FactorsEngineering ToolBox

    Soil and rock expansionor swellafter mining. Related Topics . MiscellaneousEngineering related topics like Beaufort Wind Scale CE-marking drawing standards and more Related Documents . ConveyorsMaximum InclinationMaximum conveyor slopes for various materials Densities of Common MaterialsDensities of common products in both Imperial and SI-units

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  • Sand Control Why and How

    Factors controlling the onset of mechanical rock failure include inherent rock strength naturally existing earth stresses and addi-tional stress caused by drilling or produc-tion.2 In totally unconsolidated formations sand production may be triggered during the first flow of formation fluid due to drag from the fluid or gas turbulence. This

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  • sandstone rock swell factorQueen of Sheba

    sandstone rock swell factor. How to Calculate the Swell Factor of Soil eHow Building on a soil with a large swell factor can be costly. Soils with a high percentage of swelling clay can be difficult to grow plants in because water may pool on the surface.

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  • WikiEngineer Construction Swell And Shrinkage

    Swell and ShrinkageNot What You Think It Means Chat Online
  • Bulking FactorEXCAVATION EARTHWORK

    Apr 26 2017 · Bulking factor is a ratio comparing the volume of a quantity of moist granular material to the volume of the same quantity when dry. There are many ways of classifying the soil in terms of it s ease of excavation including seismic techniques. The most common in the United Kingdom at present however is the Ease of Digging scale

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  • Rock Types and Specific GravityEdumine

    Rock Type Specific Gravity (gm/cc) Porosity Granite 2.602.70 0.51.5 Dolerite 3.003.05 0.10.5 Sandstone 2.002.60 5.025.0 Shale 2.002.40 10.030.0 Limestone 2.202.60 5.020.0 Dolomite 2.502.60 1.05.0 Quartzite 2.65 0.10.5

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  • Blasting and Explosives Quick Reference Guide 2010

    Powder factor = 0.5kg per square metre of face Do not stem holes. Fire all holes on the same delay or in groups of ≥ 5 holes Smooth Blasting Spacing = 15 x Hole diameter (hard rock) 20 x Hole diameter (soft rock) Burden = 1.25 x Spacing Fire as many holes as possible on one delay. Stem holes. Powder factors Typical powder factors

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  • swell factor of shot rock LandDevelopmentDocs s Blog

    Sep 15 2010 · Note When blasting rock for a fill operation there is a swell factor associated with blasted rock due to the fact that the rock is no longer in its compacted undisturbed natural form. It is now in little pieces which will have air pockets when place for fill. The swell factor based upon the type of rock can range from 15 to 50

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  • Formation Factoran overview ScienceDirect Topics

    The formation factor is a geometrical parameter dependent upon the porosity tortuosity and constrictivity of the pore space available for diffusion into the rock matrix. Formation factors can be measured both in the laboratory using through-diffusion experiments involving tritiated water and by electrical resistivity measurements and in situ

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  • Swell Factor Of Broken Concrete SlabDemolition

    Apr 09 2013 · Re Swell Factor Of Broken Concrete Slab At 4000 lbs per cubic yard tight it worked out to 17.48 by volume and 18 by weight. Last edited by Morecoffee 03-16-2013 at 07 52 AM .

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  • Swell Factor of Shot/Blast Rock Heavy Equipment Forums

    Apr 13 2011 · The Geotechnical Enginneering Handbook probably has the answers to this though I m not sharp enough to decipher the techno-talk in the book. I can t get hyperlinks to work on HEF--the only clue I can give you is to do a Google Search for "Volume of Shot Rock" and look for the "Geotechnical Enginneering Handbook" link.

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  • Rock Sizing for Drainage ChannelsCatchments and Creeks

    50 = mean rock size for which 50 of rocks are smaller m d. 90 = rock size for which 90 of rocks are smaller m For natural rock extracted from streambeds the relative roughness (d. 50 /d. 90) is typically in the range 0.2 to 0.5. For quarried rock the ratio is more likely to be in the range 0.5 to 0.8.

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  • Sandstone degradation an experimental study of

    The most important factor influencing rock deterioration is rock texture especially the character of grain contacts. The effective porosity is a requisite of potential for the stone to take in and hold water and hence of resistance to weathering. Felix C (1983) Sandstone linear swelling due to isothermal water sorption. In Proceedings of

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  • Happy Jack Mine (White Canyon area)Western Mining History

    Pit Slope (degrees) 90 AND Type of Workings Underground Length 1250 M Additional Information MAS Development Schedule # 1 Mining Record # 1 Status of Mining Method PROPOSED Mining Method ROOM AND PILLAR 10-34 Swell Factor .69 Hardness of Rock SOFT NONPLASTIC WITH LITTLE WATER Rock Characteristics ONE SYSTEM OF WEAKNESS PLANES

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  • Is conglomerate sandstone like the flatirons ok to climb

    Dec 21 2019 · And conglomerate is a sedimentary not metamorphic rock. To be metamorphic the original rock unit must have been altered by pressure and or temperature. For example Seneca Rocks in WV is a quartzitesandstone that has been subjected to pressure and or temp such that the original grains and depositional layers have been altered.

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  • Granite Vs. Sandstone Weathering eHow

    Sandstone is a sedimentary rock formed due to the breakdown and weathering of other rocks. As its name suggests sandstone is formed underground from grains of sand that have been cemented and compacted by the pressure of rock formations lying above them. Using a magnifying glass you can see the individual grains of sand that make up the rock.

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  • CHAPTER 19 EARTHWORKNCDOT

    "hard" rock is added if applicable. Shrinkage and swell factors do no apply to "hard" rock unless specified by the Geotechnical Engineering Unit. 12. Column twelve shows the amount of borrow material needed to construct embankments after the suitable excavation (rock and earth) has been utilized within the summary points. 13.

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  • Application of Shrinkage and Swelling Factors on State

    swelling factors. It appears that earthwork is left at the risk of the contractor. 5. Application of swell percentages was inconsistent among the various DOT earthwork calculation methods. 6. The inclusion and definition of rock (drillable rock or at auger refusal) has a large impact

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  • Clay minerals damage quantification in sandstone rocks

    Injecting non-compatible fluids into the sandstone reservoirs can lead to formation damage due to the clay swelling fines migration solid precipitation or pore throat plugging (Kamal et al

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  • 2020 Landscape Boulders Cost Large Landscaping Rock Prices

    Landscape Boulders Cost Factors. As you ve already seen there are many factors that can increase or decrease your landscaping boulder price. Nonetheless there are a few other cost considerations you can take advantage of to lower your landscape rock cost. Number of Boulders . Needless to say the more boulders you buy the more you re

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  • PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ROCK

    the rock type and composition the climate the temperature and the elevation (see Goodman 1993). Figure 1 shows the effect of temperature and rainfall on weathering. The degree and pattern of weathering are among the most important factors to be determined in an on-site exploration. In general as weathering takes place the engineering

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  • Reservoir rock propertiesSociety of Petroleum Engineers

    Reservoir rock properties calculation formulae. THE PROPERTIES OF RESERVOIR ROCKS According to Society of Petroleum Engineers Glossary a reservoir rock is a rock containing porosity permeability sufficient hydrocarbon accumulation and a sealing mechanism to form a reservoir from which commercial flows of hydrocarbons can be produced.

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  • Swelling damage in clay-rich sandstones used in the church

    The decay patterns observed are a combination intrinsic and extrinsic factors the stone material namely swelling of clay minerals in the rock matrix (smectite and chlorite-smectite mixed-layer

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  • swell factor of shot rock LandDevelopmentDocs s Blog

    Sep 15 2010 · Note When blasting rock for a fill operation there is a swell factor associated with blasted rock due to the fact that the rock is no longer in its compacted undisturbed natural form. It is now in little pieces which will have air pockets when place for fill. The swell factor based upon the type of rock can range from 15 to 50

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  • OR/15/065 Appendix 4Bulking of soils rocks

    Sedimentary rock Breccia 2.4 33 Church (1981) Conglomerate 2.21 33 Church (1981) Sandstone 2.31 to 2.45 39 to 50 Hartman (1992) Sandstone 2.42 61 Church (1981) Sandstone 2.1 to 2.4 75 to 80 Engineering tool box Sandstone 2.5 60 Durham University Sandstone 2.65 61 Durham University Shale 2.64 50 Church (1981) Shale 2.35 50 Durham University

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  • H BLASTING IN SURFACE EXCAVATION

    Table 1 Guide to powder factors and rock factors for various rock types General Category Rock type Powder factor (kg/m3) Rock factor A Hard ( 200) Andesite Dolerite Granite Ironstone Silcrete 0.70 12 -14 Medium (100– 200) Dolomite Hornfels Quartzite Serpentinite Schist 0.45 10 -11 Soft (50100) Sandstone Calcrete Limestone Shale

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  • swell factor of shot rock LandDevelopmentDocs s Blog

    Sep 15 2010 · Note When blasting rock for a fill operation there is a swell factor associated with blasted rock due to the fact that the rock is no longer in its compacted undisturbed natural form. It is now in little pieces which will have air pockets when place for fill. The swell factor based upon the type of rock can range from 15 to 50

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  • How to Calculate the Swell Factor of Soil eHow

    Building on a soil with a large swell factor can be costly. Soils with a high percentage of swelling clay can be difficult to grow plants in because water may pool on the surface. Calculating the swell factor of soil depends on the amount of water it can hold. The swell factor of some soils can be high and create enough force to break concrete.

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